Originally developed by Claude Shannon in the 1940s, the theory of information laid the foundations for the digital revolution, and is now an essential tool in deep space communication, genetics, linguistics, data compression, and brain sciences. In this richly illustrated book, accessible examples are used to show how information theory can be understood in terms of everyday games like ´20 Questions´, and the simple MatLab programs provided give hands-on experience of information theory in action. Written in a tutorial style, with a comprehensive glossary, this text represents an ideal primer for novices who wish to become familiar with the basic principles of information theory.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.Game theory, List of games in game theory, Extensive-form game, Normal-form game, Cooperative game, Symmetric game, Zero-sum (game theory), Combinatorial game theory, Perfect information, Determinacy, Game Theory in Communication Networks, Glossary of game theory, Signaling games, Coordination game, Ultimatum game, Centipede game, Continuous game, Differential game, Pursuit-evasion, Nash equilibrium, Strategy (game theory)
The purpose of this book is to introduce the reader to arithmetic topics, both ancient and modern, which have been at the center of interest in applications of number theory, particularly in cryptography. No background in algebra or number theory is assumed, and the book begins with a discussion of the basic number theory which is needed. The approach taken is algorithmic, emphasizing estimates of the efficiency of the techniques which arise from the theory. A special feature is the inclusion of recent application of the theory of elliptic curves. Extensive imaginative exercises and careful, revealing answers have been included in all of the chapters. The information society and the computer age have given rise to innumerable applications for cryptography besides the original motivation of secure communication. Thus, cryptography is a relatively fast-moving field. The new edition contains due to that fact substantial revisions and updated references.
Gain a clear understanding of even the most complex, highly theoretical computational theory topics in the approachable presentation found only in the market-leading INTRODUCTION TO THE THEORY OF COMPUTATION, 3E. The number one choice for today´s computational theory course, this revision continues the book´s well-know, approachable style with timely revisions, additional practice, and more memorable examples in key areas. A new first-of-its-kind theoretical treatment of deterministic context-free languages is ideal for a better understanding of parsing and LR(k) grammars. You gain a solid understanding of the fundamental mathematical properties of computer hardware, software, and applications with a blend of practical and philosophical coverage and mathematical treatments, including advanced theorems and proofs. INTRODUCTION TO THE THEORY OF COMPUTATION, 3E´s comprehensive coverage makes this a valuable reference for your continued studies in theoretical computing.
There are many surprising connections between the theory of numbers, which is one of the oldest branches of mathematics, and computing and information theory. Number theory has important applications in computer organization and security, coding and cryptography, random number generation, hash functions, and graphics. Conversely, number theorists use computers in factoring large integers, determining primes, testing conjectures, and solving other problems. This book takes the reader from elementary number theory, via algorithmic number theory, to applied number theory in computer science. It introduces basic concepts, results, and methods, and discusses their applications in the design of hardware and software, cryptography, and security. It is aimed at undergraduates in computing and information technology, but will also be valuable to mathematics students interested in applications. In this 2nd edition full proofs of many theorems are added and some corrections are made.
SQL is full of difficulties and traps for the unwary. You can avoid them if you understand relational theory, but only if you know how to put that theory into practice. In this book, Chris Date explains relational theory in depth, and demonstrates through numerous examples and exercises how you can apply it to your use of SQL.
This volume contains the proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Application and Theory of Petri Nets (ICATPN 2004). The aim of the Petri net conferences is to create a forum for discussing progress in the application and theory of Petri nets. Typically, the conferenceshave 100 150participants,one third of these c- ing from industry, whereas the others are from universities and research insti- tions. The conferences always take place in the last week of June. The conference and a number of other activities are coordinated by a ste- ing committee with the following members: Wil van der Aalst (The Neth- lands),JonathanBillington(Australia),JrgDesel(Germany),SusannaDonatelli (Italy),SergeHaddad(France),KurtJensen(Denmark),MaciejKoutny(United Kingdom), Sadatoshi Kumagai(Japan), GiorgioDe Michelis (Italy), Tadao- rata (USA), Carl Adam Petri (Germany, Honorary Member), Wolfgang Reisig (Germany),GrzegorzRozenberg(TheNetherlands,Chairman)andManuelSilva (Spain). The 2004 conference was organized by the Department of Computer Science of the University of Bologna, Italy. We would like to thank the organizing c- mittee, chaired by Roberto Gorrieri, for the e?ort invested in making the event successful. We are also grateful to the following sponsoring institutions and - ganizations: Associazione Italiana per l Informatica ed il Calcolo Automatico (AICA), Microsoft Research, and Network Project & Solutions (NPS Group). We received a total of 62 submissions from 26 di?erent countries. The p- gramcommittee?nallyselected19regularpapersand5toolpresentationpapers. This volume comprises the papers that were accepted for presentation. Invited lectures were given by Gianfranco Ciardo, Roberto Gorrieri, Thomas A. H- zinger, Wojciech Penczek, Lucia Pomello and William H. Sanders. Their papers are also included in this volume.
This exciting and entertaining textbook is ideal for courses in information, communication and coding. It is an unparalleled entry point to these subjects for professionals working in areas as diverse as computational biology, data mining, financial engineering and machine learning.
Extensive treatment of the most up-to-date topics Provides the theory and concepts behind popular and emerging methods Range of topics drawn from Statistics, Computer Science, and Electrical Engineering