For courses in Computer Science and Programming Computer systems: A Programmer?s Perspective explains the underlying elements common among all computer systems and how they affect general application performance. Written from the programmer?s perspective, this book strives to teach students how understanding basic elements of computer systems and executing real practice can lead them to create better programs. Spanning across computer science themes such as hardware architecture, the operating system, and systems software, the Third Edition serves as a comprehensive introduction to programming. This book strives to create programmers who understand all elements of computer systems and will be able to engage in any application of the field--from fixing faulty software, to writing more capable programs, to avoiding common flaws. It lays the groundwork for students to delve into more intensive topics such as computer architecture, embedded systems, and cybersecurity. This book focuses on systems that execute an x86-64 machine code, and recommends that students have access to a Linux system for this course. Students should have basic familiarity with C or C++. MasteringEngineering ® not included. Students, if MasteringEngineering is a recommended/mandatory component of the course, please ask your instructor for the correct ISBN and course ID. MasteringEngineering should only be purchased when required by an instructor. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information. MasteringEngineering is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment product designed to personalize learning and improve results. With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, students are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts. Features + Benefits This title is a Pearson Global Edition. The Editorial team at Pearson has worked closely with educators around the world to include content which is especially relevant to students outside the United States. Computer Systems: A Programmer?s Perspective uses the following features to facilitate learning: NEW! The book now exclusively bases its presentation on x86-64 A carefully planned 12 chapter layout that covers all of the core topics of computer programming Chapter 1 uses a simple ?hello world? program to introduce the major concepts and themes of computer programming. Chapter 2 dives into the topic of computer arithmetic, considering how numbers are represented in computer programs and how they affect value coding. The chapter places a special emphasis on the properties of unsigned and two?s-compliment number representations. It gives students necessary insight into arithmetic from the programmers perspective and why it?s so important. Chapter 3 teaches students how to read the x86-64 code generated by a C compiler, covering the basic instruction patterns for different control constructs, implementation procedures, and the allocation of different data structures. This chapter also discusses the implementation of integer and floating point arithmetic and takes a machine-level view of programs to understand certain code vulnerabilities. Chapter 4 introduces students to basic combinational and sequential logic elements and shows how they can be used in a simplified subset of the x86-64 instruction set called Y86-64. It starts with a single-cycle datapath and moves onto a discussion of pipelining. Chapter 5 gives students techniques for improving code performance with transformations that reduce work and enhance instruction-level parallelism. Chapter 6 covers different types of RAM and ROM memory systems, describing their hierarchical arrangement. The chapter makes the abstract concept tangible by using the analogy of a ?memory mountain? with ridges of temporal locality and slopes of spatial locality. Students learn that improving temporal and spatial locality improves performance. Chapter 7 discusses both static and dynamic linking, areas included in most systems text where programmers make their most confusing errors. Chapter 8 explains exceptional control flow at all levels of the system, from simple hardware interrupts to nonlocal jumps in C that break the stack discipline. This chapter introduces the fundamental idea of a process by teaching students how it works and how it is created and manipulated from application programs. Chapter 9 shows students key characteristics of the virtual memory system and how it works, addressing issues such
Written from the perspective of a large industrial enterprise, this practical book provides an actionable methodology for IoT project managers, based on real-world IoT case studies. IoT projects combine several very different disciplines into a single project?disciplines such as product design and manufacturing, embedded hardware and software, local and remote communication, enterprise application development and integration, and cross-domain security, to name a few. Enterprise IoT provides case studies from experts in these different domains and disciplines, captures their experiences and best practices, and integrates them into the book?s methodology.
This timely book provides broad coverage of security and privacy issues in the macro and micro perspective. In macroperspective, the system and algorithm fundamentals of next-generation wireless networks are discussed. In micro-perspective, this book focuses on the key secure and privacy techniques in different emerging networks from the interconnection view of human and cyber-physical world. This book includes 7 chapters from prominent international researchers working in this subject area. This book serves as a useful reference for researchers, graduate students, and practitioners seeking solutions to wireless security and privacy related issues Recent advances in wireless communication technologies have enabled the large-scale deployment of next-generation wireless networks, and many other wireless applications are emerging. The next generation of mobile networks continues to transform the way people communicate and access information. As a matter of fact, next-generation emerging networks are exploiting their numerous applications in both military and civil fields. For most applications, it is important to guarantee high security of the deployed network in order to defend against attacks from adversaries, as well as the privacy intrusion. The key target in the development of next-generation wireless networks is to promote the integration of the human, cyber, and physical worlds. Previous work in Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) considered the connection between the cyber world and the physical world. In the recent studies, human involvement brings new channels and initiatives in this interconnection. In this integration process, security and privacy are critical issues to many wireless network applications, and it is a paramount concern for the growth of next-generation wireless networks. This is due to the open nature of wireless communication and the involvement of humans. New opportunities for tackling these security and privacy issues in next-generation wireless networks will be achieved by leveraging the properties of interaction among human, computers and things.
Written by noted quantum computing theorist Scott Aaronson, this book takes readers on a tour through some of the deepest ideas of maths, computer science and physics. Full of insights, arguments and philosophical perspectives, the book covers an amazing array of topics. Beginning in antiquity with Democritus, it progresses through logic and set theory, computability and complexity theory, quantum computing, cryptography, the information content of quantum states and the interpretation of quantum mechanics. There are also extended discussions about time travel, Newcomb´s Paradox, the anthropic principle and the views of Roger Penrose. Aaronson´s informal style makes this fascinating book accessible to readers with scientific backgrounds, as well as students and researchers working in physics, computer science, mathematics and philosophy.
The big data tsunami changes the perspective of industrial and academic research in how they address both foundational questions and practical applications. This calls for a paradigm shift in algorithms and the underlying mathematical techniques. There is a need to understand foundational strengths and address the state of the art challenges in big data that could lead to practical impact. The main goal of this book is to introduce algorithmic techniques for dealing with big data sets. Traditional algorithms work successfully when the input data fits well within memory. In many recent application situations, however, the size of the input data is too large to fit within memory. Models of Computation for Big Data, covers mathematical models for developing such algorithms, which has its roots in the study of big data that occur often in various applications. Most techniques discussed come from research in the last decade. The book will be structured as a sequence of algorithmic ideas, theoretical underpinning, and practical use of that algorithmic idea. Intended for both graduate students and advanced undergraduate students, there are no formal prerequisites, but the reader should be familiar with the fundamentals of algorithm design and analysis, discrete mathematics, probability and have general mathematical maturity.
Listening to, buying and sharing music is an immensely important part of everyday life. Yet recent technological developments are increasingly changing how we use and consume music. This book collects together the most recent studies of music consumption, and new developments in music technology. It combines the perspectives of both social scientists and technology designers, uncovering how new music technologies are actually being used, along with discussions of new music technologies still in development. With a specific focus on the social nature of music, the book breaks new ground in bringing together discussions of both the social and technological aspects of music use. Chapters cover topics such as the use of the iPod, music technologies which encourage social interaction in public places, and music sharing on the internet. A valuable collection for anyone concerned with the future of music technology, this book will be of particular interest to those designing new music technologies, those working in the music industry, along with students of music and new technology.
Understand critical cybersecurity and risk perspectives, insights, and tools for the leaders of complex financial systems and markets. This book offers guidance for decision makers and helps establish a framework for communication between cyber leaders and front-line professionals. Information is provided to help in the analysis of cyber challenges and choosing between risk treatment options. Financial cybersecurity is a complex, systemic risk challenge that includes technological and operational elements. The interconnectedness of financial systems and markets creates dynamic, high-risk environments where organizational security is greatly impacted by the level of security effectiveness of partners, counterparties, and other external organizations. The result is a high-risk environment with a growing need for cooperation between enterprises that are otherwise direct competitors. There is a new normal of continuous attack pressures that produce unprecedented enterprise threats that must be met with an array of countermeasures. Financial Cybersecurity Risk Management explores a range of cybersecurity topics impacting financial enterprises. This includes the threat and vulnerability landscape confronting the financial sector, risk assessment practices and methodologies, and cybersecurity data analytics. Governance perspectives, including executive and board considerations, are analyzed as are the appropriate control measures and executive risk reporting. What You´ll Learn Analyze the threat and vulnerability landscape confronting the financial sector Implement effective technology risk assessment practices and methodologies Craft strategies to treat observed risks in financial systems Improve the effectiveness of enterprise cybersecurity capabilities Evaluate critical aspects of cybersecurity governance, including executive and board oversight Identify significant cybersecurity operational challenges Consider the impact of the cybersecurity mission across the enterprise Leverage cybersecurity regulatory and industry standards to help manage financial services risks Use cybersecurity scenarios to measure systemic risks in financial systems environments Apply key experiences from actual cybersecurity events to develop more robust cybersecurity architectures Who This Book Is For Decision makers, cyber leaders, and front-line professionals, including: chief risk officers, operational risk officers, chief information security officers, chief security officers, chief information officers, enterprise risk managers, cybersecurity operations directors, technology and cybersecurity risk analysts, cybersecurity architects and engineers, and compliance officers
User interface design is a challenging, multi-disciplinary activity that requires understanding a wide range of concepts and techniques that are often subjective and even conflicting. Imagine how much it would help if there were a single perspective that you could use to simplify these complex issues down to a small set of objective principles. In UI is Communication , Everett McKay explains how to design intuitive user interfaces by focusing on effective human communication. A user interface is ultimately a conversation between users and technology. Well-designed user interfaces use the language of UI to communicate to users efficiently and naturally. They also recognize that there is an emotional human being at the other end of the interaction, so good user interfaces strive to make an emotional connection. Applying what you learn from UI is Communication will remove much of the mystic, subjectiveness, and complexity from user interface design, and help you make better design decisions with confidence. It´s the perfect introduction to user interface design. Approachable, practical communication-based guide to interaction and visual design that you can immediately apply to projects to make solid design decisions quickly and confidently Includes design makeovers so you can see the concepts in practice with real examples Communication-based design process ties everything from interaction to visual design together
Quality of Protection: Security Measurements and Metrics is an edited volume based on the Quality of Protection Workshop in Milano, Italy (September 2005). This volume discusses how security research can progress towards quality of protection in security comparable to quality of service in networking and software measurements, and metrics in empirical software engineering. Information security in the business setting has matured in the last few decades. Standards such as IS017799, the Common Criteria (ISO15408), and a number of industry certifications and risk analysis methodologies have raised the bar for good security solutions from a business perspective. Designed for a professional audience composed of researchers and practitioners in industry, Quality of Protection: Security Measurements and Metrics is also suitable for advanced-level students in computer science. Information security in the business setting has matured in the last few decades. Standards, such as IS017799, the Common Criteria s, and a number of industry and academic certifications and risk analysis methodologies, have raised the bar on what is considered good security solution, from a business perspective. Yet, the evaluation of security solutions has largely a qualitative flavor. Notions such as Security Metrics, Quality of Protection (QoP) or Protection Level Agreement (PLA) have only surfaced in the literature. Quality of Protection: Security Measurements and Metrics is an edited volume based on the Quality of Protection Workshop at ESORICS 2005, the flagship European Symposium on Research in Computer Security. This book discusses how security research can progress towards a notion of quality of protection in security, comparable to the notion of quality of service in networking and software measurements and metrics, in empirical software engineering. Quality of Protection: Security Measurements and Metrics is designed for a professional audience, composed of researchers and practitioners in industry. This book is also suitable for graduate-level students in computer science and telecommunications.
Collaboration among individuals - from users to developers - is central to modern software engineering. It takes many forms: joint activity to solve common problems, negotiation to resolve conflicts, creation of shared definitions, and both social and technical perspectives impacting all software development activity. The difficulties of collaboration are also well documented. The grand challenge is not only to ensure that developers in a team deliver effectively as individuals, but that the whole team delivers more than just the sum of its parts. The editors of this book have assembled an impressive selection of authors, who have contributed to an authoritative body of work tackling a wide range of issues in the field of collaborative software engineering. The resulting volume is divided into four parts, preceded by a general editorial chapter providing a more detailed review of the domain of collaborative software engineering. Part 1 is on ´´Characterizing Collaborative Software Engineering´´, Part 2 examines various ´´Tools and Techniques´´, Part 3 addresses organizational issues, and finally Part 4 contains four examples of ´´Emerging Issues in Collaborative Software Engineering´´. As a result, this book delivers a comprehensive state-of-the-art overview and empirical results for researchers in academia and industry in areas like software process management, empirical software engineering, and global software development. Practitioners working in this area will also appreciate the detailed descriptions and reports which can often be used as guidelines to improve their daily work.