This book is about a new approach in the field of computational linguistics related to the idea of constructing n-grams in non-linear manner, while the traditional approach consists in using the data from the surface structure of texts, i.e., the linear structure. In this book, we propose and systematize the concept of syntactic n-grams, which allows using syntactic information within the automatic text processing methods related to classification or clustering. It is a very interesting example of application of linguistic information in the automatic (computational) methods. Roughly speaking, the suggestion is to follow syntactic trees and construct n-grams based on paths in these trees. There are several types of non-linear n-grams; future work should determine, which types of n-grams are more useful in which natural language processing (NLP) tasks. This book is intended for specialists in the field of computational linguistics. However, we made an effort to explain in a clear manner how to use n-grams; we provide a large number of examples, and therefore we believe that the book is also useful for graduate students who already have some previous background in the field.
CCNP Routing and Switching SWITCH 300-115 Official Cert Guide is a comprehensive self-study tool for preparing for the new SWITCH exam. Complete coverage of all exam topics as posted on the exam topic blueprint ensures readers will arrive at a thorough understanding of what they need to master to succeed on the exam. The book follows a logical organization of the SWITCH exam objectives. Material is presented in a concise manner, focusing on increasing readers´ retention and recall of exam topics. Readers will organize their exam preparation through the use of the consistent features in these chapters.
The CCNA Wireless Official Cert Guide is a comprehensive self-study tool for preparing for the latest CCNA Wireless exam. Complete coverage of all exam topics as posted on the exam topic blueprint ensures readers will arrive at a thorough understanding of what they need to master to succeed on the exam. The book follows a logical organization of the CCNA Wireless exam objectives. Material is presented in a concise manner, focusing on increasing readers´ retention and recall of exam topics. Readers will organize their exam preparation through the use of the consistent features in these chapters.
This textbook mainly addresses beginners and readers with a basic knowledge of object-oriented programming languages like Java or C sharp, but with little or no modeling or software engineering experience thus reflecting the majority of students in introductory courses at universities. Using UML, it introduces basic modeling concepts in a highly precise manner, while refraining from the interpretation of rare special cases. After a brief explanation of why modeling is an indispensable part of software development, the authors introduce the individual diagram types of UML (the class and object diagram, the sequence diagram, the state machine diagram, the activity diagram, and the use case diagram), as well as their interrelationships, in a step-by-step manner. The topics covered include not only the syntax and the semantics of the individual language elements, but also pragmatic aspects, i.e., how to use them wisely at various stages in the software development process. To this end, the work is complemented with examples that were carefully selected for their educational and illustrative value. Overall, the book provides a solid foundation and deeper understanding of the most important object-oriented modeling concepts and their application in software development. An additional website (www.uml.ac.at) offers a complete set of slides to aid in teaching the contents of the book, exercises and further e-learning material.
Use this hands-on, introductory guide to understand and implement digital forensics to investigate computer crime using Windows, the most widely used operating system. This book provides you with the necessary skills to identify an intruder´s footprints and to gather the necessary digital evidence in a forensically sound manner to prosecute in a court of law. Directed toward users with no experience in the digital forensics field, this book provides guidelines and best practices when conducting investigations as well as teaching you how to use a variety of tools to investigate computer crime. You will be prepared to handle problems such as law violations, industrial espionage, and use of company resources for private use. Digital Forensics Basics is written as a series of tutorials with each task demonstrating how to use a specific computer forensics tool or technique. Practical information is provided and users can read a task and then implement it directly on their devices. Some theoretical information is presented to define terms used in each technique and for users with varying IT skills. What You´ll Learn Assemble computer forensics lab requirements, including workstations, tools, and more Document the digital crime scene, including preparing a sample chain of custody form Differentiate between law enforcement agency and corporate investigations Gather intelligence using OSINT sources Acquire and analyze digital evidence Conduct in-depth forensic analysis of Windows operating systems covering Windows 10-specific feature forensics Utilize anti-forensic techniques, including steganography, data destruction techniques, encryption, and anonymity techniques Who This Book Is For Police and other law enforcement personnel, judges (with no technical background), corporate and nonprofit management, IT specialists and computer security professionals, incident response team members, IT military and intelligence services officers, system administrators, e-business security professionals, and banking and insurance professionals
This book discusses soft computing, which provides an efficient platform to deal with imprecision, uncertainty, vagueness and approximation in order to attain robustness and reliable computing. It explores two major concepts of soft computing: fuzzy set theory and neural networks, which relate to uncertainty handling and machine learning techniques respectively. Generally, fuzzy sets are considered as vague or uncertain sets having membership function lying between 0 and 1, and ANN is a type of artificial intelligence that attempts to imitate the way a human brain works by configuring specific applications, for instance pattern recognition or data classification, through learning processes. The book also presents C/MATLAB programming codes related to the basics of fuzzy set, interval arithmetic and ANN in a concise, practical and adaptable manner along, with simple examples and self-validation unsolved practice questions in few cases
One of the most crucial tasks Product Description ?If the purpose is to create one of the best books on requirements yet written, the authors have succeeded.? ?Capers Jones Software can solve almost any problem. The trick is knowing what the problem is. With about half of all software errors originating in the requirements activity, it is clear that a better understanding of the problem is needed. Getting the requirements right is crucial if we are to build systems that best meet our needs. We know, beyond doubt, that the right requirements produce an end result that is as innovative and beneficial as it can be, and that system development is both effective and efficient. Mastering the Requirements Process: Getting Requirements Right, Third Edition, sets out an industry-proven process for gathering and verifying requirements, regardless of whether you work in a traditional or agile development environment. In this sweeping update of the bestselling guide, the authors show how to discover precisely what the customer wants and needs, in the most efficient manner possible. Features include The Volere requirements process for discovering requirements, for use with both traditional and iterative environments
For courses in computer science and software engineering The Fundamental Practice of Software Engineering Software Engineering introduces students to the overwhelmingly important subject of software programming and development. In the past few years, computer systems have come to dominate not just our technological growth, but the foundations of our world´s major industries. This text seeks to lay out the fundamental concepts of this huge and continually growing subject area in a clear and comprehensive manner. The Tenth Edition contains new information that highlights various technological updates of recent years, providing students with highly relevant and current information. Sommerville´s experience in system dependability and systems engineering guides the text through a traditional plan-based approach that incorporates some novel agile methods. The text strives to teach the innovators of tomorrow how to create software that will make our world a better, safer, and more advanced place to live.
This book presents the latest research on hierarchical deep learning for multi-modal sentiment analysis. Further, it analyses sentiments in Twitter blogs from both textual and visual content using hierarchical deep learning networks: hierarchical gated feedback recurrent neural networks (HGFRNNs). Several studies on deep learning have been conducted to date, but most of the current methods focus on either only textual content, or only visual content. In contrast, the proposed sentiment analysis model can be applied to any social blog dataset, making the book highly beneficial for postgraduate students and researchers in deep learning and sentiment analysis. The mathematical abstraction of the sentiment analysis model is presented in a very lucid manner. The complete sentiments are analysed by combining text and visual prediction results. The book´s novelty lies in its development of innovative hierarchical recurrent neural networks for analysing sentiments; stacking of multiple recurrent layers by controlling the signal flow from upper recurrent layers to lower layers through a global gating unit; evaluation of HGFRNNs with different types of recurrent units; and adaptive assignment of HGFRNN layers to different timescales. Considering the need to leverage large-scale social multimedia content for sentiment analysis, both state-of-the-art visual and textual sentiment analysis techniques are used for joint visual-textual sentiment analysis. The proposed method yields promising results from Twitter datasets that include both texts and images, which support the theoretical hypothesis.
Fundamentally, computers just deal with numbers. They store letters and other characters by assigning a number for each one. There are hundreds of different encoding systems for mapping characters to numbers, but Unicode promises a single mapping. Unicode enables a single software product or website to be targeted across multiple platforms, languages and countries without re-engineering. It´s no wonder that industry giants like Apple, Hewlett-Packard, IBM andMicrosoft have all adopted Unicode. Containing everything you need to understand Unicode, this comprehensive reference from O´Reilly takes you on a detailed guide through the complex character world. For starters, it explains how to identify and classify characters - whether they´re common, uncommon, or exotic. It then shows you how to type them, utilize their properties, and process character data in a robust manner. The book is broken up into three distinct parts. The first few chapters provide you with a tutorial presentation of Unicode and character data. It gives you a firm grasp of the terminology you need to reference various components, including character sets, fonts and encodings, glyphs and character repertoires. The middle section offers more detailed information about using Unicode and other character codes. It explains the principles and methods of defining character codes, describes some of the widely used codes, and presents code conversion techniques. It also discusses properties of characters, collation and sorting, line breaking rules and Unicode encodings. The final four chapters cover more advanced material, such as programming to support Unicode. You simply can´t afford to be without the nuggets of valuable information detailed in Unicode Explained.