´´As Agile methods have entered the mainstream, we´ve learned a lot about how the testing discipline fits into Agile projects. Lisa and Janet give us a solid look at what to do, and what to avoid, in Agile testing.´´ -Ron Jeffries, www.XProgramming.com ´´An excellent introduction to agile and how it affects the software test community!´´ -Gerard Meszaros, Agile Practice Lead and Chief Test Strategist at Solution Frameworks, Inc., an agile coaching and lean software development consultancy ´´In sports and music, people know the importance of practicing technique until it becomes a part of the way they do things. This book is about some of the most fundamental techniques in software development-how to build quality into code-techniques that should become second nature to every development team. The book provides both broad and in-depth coverage of how to move testing to the front of the development process, along with a liberal sprinkling of real-life examples that bring the book to life.´´ -Mary Poppendieck, Author of Lean Software Development and Implementing Lean Software Development ´´Refreshingly pragmatic. Chock-full of wisdom. Absent of dogma. This book is a gamechanger. Every software professional should read it.´´ -Uncle Bob Martin, Object Mentor, Inc. ´´With Agile Testing , Lisa and Janet have used their holistic sensibility of testing to describe a culture shift for testers and teams willing to elevate their test effectiveness. The combination of real-life project experiences and specific techniques provide an excellent way to learn and adapt to continually changing project needs.´´ -Adam Geras, M.Sc. Developer-Tester, Ideaca Knowledge Services ´´On Agile projects, everyone seems to ask, ´But, what about testing?´ Is it the development team´s responsibility entirely, the testing team, or a collaborative effort between developers and testers? Or, ´How much testing should we automate?´ Lisa and Janet have written a book that finally answers these types of questions and more! Whether you´re a tester, developer, or manager, you´ll learn many great examples and stories from the real-world work experiences they´ve shared in this excellent book.´´ -Paul Duvall, CTO of Stelligent and co-author of Continuous Integration: Improving Software Quality and Reducing Risk ´´Finally a book for testers on Agile teams that acknowledges there is not just one right way! Agile Testing provides comprehensive coverage of the issues testers face when they move to Agile: from tools and metrics to roles and process. Illustrated with numerous stories and examples from many contributors, it gives a clear picture of what successful Agile testers are doing today.´´ -Bret Pettichord, Chief Technical Officer of WatirCraft and Lead Developer of Watir Testing is a key component of agile development. The widespread adoption of agile methods has brought the need for effective testing into the limelight, and agile projects have transformed the role of testers. Much of a tester´s function, however, remains largely misunderstood. What is the true role of a tester? Do agile teams actually need members with QA backgrounds? What does it really mean to be an ´´agile tester?´´ Two of the industry´s most experienced agile testing practitioners and consultants, Lisa Crispin and Janet Gregory, have teamed up to bring you the definitive answers to these questions and many others. In Agile Testing, Crispin and Gregory define agile testing and illustrate the tester´s role with examples from real agile teams. They teach you how to use the agile testing quadrants to identify what testing is needed, who should do it, and what tools might help. The book chronicles an agile software development iteration from the viewpoint of a tester and explains the seven key success factors of agile testing. Readers will come away from this book understanding How to get testers engaged in agile development Where testers and QA managers fit on an agile team What to look for when hiring an agile tester How to transition from a traditional cycle to agile development How to complete testing activities in short iterations How to use tests to successfully guide development How to overcome barriers to test automation This book is a must for agile testers, agile teams, their managers, and their customers. Product Description Te>Two of the industry?s most experienced agile testing practitioners and consultants, Lisa Crispin and Janet Gregory, have teamed up to bring you the definitive
The authors are renowned experts on the topic of testing in agile environments. They have remained very active and accessible in both the agile and testing communities since the publication of their first book. This shorter book supplements the lessons of its predecessor, and provides even more practical advice on how to successfully implement and manage a testing program in an agile setting. The book further defines agile testing and illustrates the tester?s role with contemporary examples from real agile teams. This book is another must for agile testers, agile teams, their managers, and their customers. Product Description Janet Gregory and Lisa Crispin pioneered the agile testing discipline with their previous work, Agile Testing . Now, in More Agile Testing, they reflect on all they?ve learned since. They address crucial emerging issues, share evolved agile practices, and cover key issues agile testers have asked to learn more about. Packed with new examples from real teams, this insightful guide offers detailed information about adapting agile testing for your environment; learning from experience and continually improving your test processes; scaling agile testing across teams; and overcoming the pitfalls of automated testing. You?ll find brand-new coverage of agile testing for the enterprise, distributed teams, mobile/embedded systems, regulated environments, data warehouse/BI systems, and DevOps practices. You?ll come away understanding ? How to clarify testing activities within the team ? Ways to collaborate with business experts to identify valuable features and deliver the right capabilities ? How to design automated tests for superior reliability and easier maintenance ? How agile team members can improve and expand their testing skills ? How to plan ?just enough,? balancing small increments with larger feature sets and the entire system ? How to use testing to identify and mitigate risks associated with your current agile processes and to prevent defects ? How to address challenges within your product or organizational context ? How to perform exploratory testing using ?personas? and ?tours? ? Exploratory testing approaches that engage the whole team, using test charters with session- and thread-based techniques ? How to bring new agile testers up to speed quickly?without overwhelming them The eBook edition of More Agile Testing also is available as part of a two-eBook collection, The Agile Testing Collection (9780134190624). Features + Benefits Codifies the latest thinking on testing for agile projects and builds upon the feedback received from the authors´ previous book Readers will come away from this book understanding how to get testers engaged in the agile development process Shows where testers and QA managers fit into the equation, and how the development and testing teams can work hand-in-hand on an agile project Another addition to the highly successful Mike Cohn Signature Series Foreword by Elisabeth Hendrickson xvii Foreword by Johanna Rothman xix Preface xxi Acknowledgments xxix About the Authors xxxiii About the Contributors xxxv Part I: Introduction 1 Chapter 1: How Agile Testing Has Evolved 3 Summary 6 Chapter 2: The Importance of Organizational Culture 7 Investing Time 8 The Importance of a Learning Culture 12 Fostering a Learning Culture 13 Transparency and Feedback Loops 15 Educating the Organization 17 Managing Testers 19 Summary 20 Part II: Learning for Better Testing 21 Chapter 3: Roles and Competencies 23 Competencies versus Roles 24 T-Shaped Skill Set 28 Generalizing Specialists 33 Hiring the Right People 36 Onboarding Testers 37 Summary 39 Chapter 4: Thinking Skills for Testing 41 Facilitating 42 Solving Problems 43 Giving and Receiving Feedback 45 Learning the Business Domain 46 Coaching and Listening Skills 48 Thinking Differently 49 Organizing 51 Collaborating 52 Summary 53 Chapter 5: Technical Awareness 55 Guiding Development with Examples 55 Automation and Coding Skills 56 General Technical Skills 59 Development Environments 59 Test Environments 60 Continuous Integration and Source Code Control Systems 62 Testing Quality Attributes 65 Test Design Techniques 67 Summary 67 Chapter 6: How to Learn 69 Learning Styles 69 Learning Resources 72 Time for Learning 77 Helping Others Learn 79 Summary 83 Part III: Planning?So You Don?t Forget the Big Picture 85 Chapter 7: Levels of Precision for Planning 87 Different Points of View 87 Planning for Regression Testing 97 Visualize What
Software test automation h Product Description Software test automation has moved beyond a luxury to become a necessity. Applications and systems have grown ever larger and more complex, and manual testing simply cannot keep up. As technology changes, and more organizations move into agile development, testing must adapt-and quickly. Test automation is essential, but poor automation is wasteful-how do you know where your efforts will take you? Authors Dorothy Graham and Mark Fewster wrote the field´s seminal text, Software Test Automation, which has guided many organizations toward success. Now, in Experiences of Test Automation, they reveal test automation at work in a wide spectrum of organizations and projects, from complex government systems to medical devices, SAP business process development to Android mobile apps and cloud migrations. This book addresses both management and technical issues, describing failures and successes, brilliant ideas and disastrous decisions and, above all, offers specific lessons you can use. Coverage includes Test automation in agile development How management support can make or break successful automation The importance of a good testware architecture and abstraction levels Measuring benefits and Return on Investment (ROI) Management issues, including skills, planning, scope, and expectations Model-Based Testing (MBT), monkey testing, and exploratory test automation The importance of standards, communication, documentation, and flexibility in enterprise-wide automation Automating support activities Which tests to automate, and what not to automate Hidden costs of automation: maintenance and failure analysis The right objectives for test automation: why ´´finding bugs´´ may not be a good objective Highlights, consisting of lessons learned, good points, and helpful tips Experiences of Test Automation will be invaluable to everyone considering, implementing, using, or managing test automation. Testers, analysts, developers, automators and automation architects, test managers, project managers, QA professionals, and technical directors will all benefit from reading this book. Foreword xxix Preface xxxi Reflections on the Case Studies (by Dorothy Graham and Mark Fewster ) 1 A Management Issues 2 B Technical Issues 8 C Conclusion 16 Chapter 1: An Agile Team´s Test Automation Journey: The First Year (by Lisa Crispin) 17 1.1 Background for the Case Study 18 1.2 Whole Team Commitment 19 1.3 Setting Up the Automation Strategy 20 1.4 Applying Acceptance Test-Driven Development (ATDD) to Test behind the GUI Using FitNesse 24 1.5 Use an Incremental Approach 26 1.6 The Right Metrics 27 1.7 Celebrate Successes 28 1.8 Incorporate Engineering Sprints 28 1.9 Team Success 29 1.10 Continuous Improvement 31 1.11 Conclusion 32 Chapter 2: The Ultimate Database Automation (by Henri van de Scheur) 33 2.1 Background for the Case Study 33 2.2 Software under Test 35 2.3 Objectives for Test Automation 36 2.4 Developing Our Inhouse Test Tool 37 2.5 Our Results 40 2.6 Managing Our Automated Tests 40 2.7 Test Suites and Types 41 2.8 Today´s Situation 43 2.9 Pitfalls Encountered and Lessons Learned (the Hard Way) 43 2.10 How We Applied Advice from the Test Automation Book 45 2.11 Conclusion 47 2.12 Acknowledgments 48 Chapter 3: Moving to the Cloud: The Evolution of TiP, Continuous Regression Testing in Production (by Ken Johnston and Felix Deschamps) 49 3.1 Background for the Case Study 50 3.2 Moving Our Testing into the Cloud 52 3.3 How We Implemented TiP 55 3.4 Sample of Monthly Service Review Scorecards 58 3.5 Exchange TiP v2-Migrating TiP to the Windows Azure Cloud 62 3.6 What We Learned 63 3.7 Conclusion 67 3.8 Acknowledgments 67 Chapter 4: The Automator Becomes the Automated (by Bo Roop) 69 4.1 Background for the Case Study: My First Job 69 4.2 My Great Idea . . . 72 4.3 A Breakthrough 74 4.4 Conclusion 80 Chapter 5: Autobiography of an Automator: From Mainframe to Framework Automation (by John Kent) 83 5.1 Background for the Case Study 84 5.2 A Mainframe Green-Screen Automation Project 88 5.3 Difference between Mainframe and Script-Based Tools 89 5.4 Using the New Script-Based Tools 91 5.5 Automating Tests for IBM Maximo 97 5.6 Conclusion 102 5.7 Additional Reading 103 Chapter 6: Project 1: Failure!, Project 2: Success! (by Ane Clausen) 105 6.1 Background for the Case Study 105 6.2 Project 1: Failure! 107 6.3 Project 2: Success! 109 6.4 The Next Time Period: Testing for Real 118 6.5 Conclusion 127 Chapter
Sexy, emotional und wild - ein prickelndes Hörerlebnis für Fans von erotische Literatur wie ´´Fifty Shades of Grey´´. Die Informatik-Studentin Lisa möchte endlich das Herz von Kate für sich gewinnen. Trotz eines durchdachten Plans endet dies jedoch leider eher im Desaster. Aber Lisa ist nicht der Typ für Selbstmitleid. Und Ablenkung findet sich auch prompt durch Dan: Avas Cousin, heißer Basketballer und entschlossen Lisa für sich zu gewinnen. Hinter dem Namen ´´Hot Chocolate´´ verbirgt sich eine Bar in Los Angeles, in der die vier Freundinnen Ava, Jill, Kate und Lisa arbeiten, um ihr Studium und ihre gemeinsame WG zu finanzieren. Dazwischen bleibt den vier Mädchen jedoch leider keine Zeit für Beziehungen jeglicher Art. Aber die Liebe findet einen meistens doch - oder zumindest ein heißer Typ im Hot Chocolate. Und vielleicht auch beides zur gleichen Zeit. Bei Charlotte Taylor handelt es sich um ein Pseudonym der Autorin Carin Müller. 2014 wurde diese ermutigt auch in einem anderen Genre, der erotischen Literatur, aktiv zu werden, wodurch Charlotte Taylor geboren wurde. Die Autorin lebt zusammen mit ihrem Mann und ihrem Hund in Frankfurt. Audible weist darauf hin, dass dieser Titel für Hörer unter 18 Jahren nicht geeignet ist. 1. Sprache: Deutsch. Erzähler: Mercedes Mendez. Hörprobe: http://samples.audible.de/bk/lind/002422/bk_lind_002422_sample.mp3. Digitales Hörbuch im AAX Format.
Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2015 im Fachbereich Pflegewissenschaften, Note: B, UMIT Private Universität für Gesundheitswissenschaften, Medizinische Informatik und Technik, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Hintergrund: Demenz ist ein ernst zunehmendes Problem des Gesundheitswesens. Weltweit sind ca. 35 Millionen Menschen davon betroffen und die Anzahl der Erkrankten soll sich bis zum Jahre 2050 verdoppelt haben. Schmerzen, Schluckstörungen und Angst sind nur ein Auszug an Beschwerden, die diese fortschreitende Erkrankung mit sich bringt. Palliative Care ist hierbei ein Ansatz zur Verbesserung der Lebensqualität. Das Ziel dieser Literaturarbeit ist es, auf die Herausforderungen, denen sich Pflegende in der Palliative Care bei der Betreuung von Menschen mit dementieller Erkrankung und deren Angehörigen stellen, aufmerksam zu machen.