This textbook presents a survey of research on boolean functions, circuits, parallel computation models, function algebras, and proof systems. Its main aim is to elucidate the structure of ´´fast´´ parallel computation. The complexity of parallel computation is emphasized through a variety of techniques ranging from finite combinatorics, probability theory and finite group theory to finite model theory and proof theory. Nonuniform computation models are studied in the form of boolean circuits; uniform ones in a variety of forms. Steps in the investigation of non-deterministic polynomial time are surveyed as is the complexity of various proof systems. The book will benefit advanced undergraduates and graduate students as well as researchers in the field of complexity theory.
More physicists today are taking on the role of software developer as part of their research, but software development isn?t always easy or obvious, even for physicists. This practical book teaches essential software development skills to help you automate and accomplish nearly any aspect of research in a physics-based field. Written by two PhDs in nuclear engineering, this book includes practical examples drawn from a working knowledge of physics concepts. You?ll learn how to use the Python programming language to perform everything from collecting and analyzing data to building software and publishing your results. In four parts, this book includes: * Getting Started: Jump into Python, the command line, data containers, functions, flow control and logic, and classes and objects * Getting It Done: Learn about regular expressions, analysis and visualization, NumPy, storing data in files and HDF5, important data structures in physics, computing in parallel, and deploying software * Getting It Right: Build pipelines and software, learn to use local and remote version control, and debug and test your code * Getting It Out There: Document your code, process and publish your findings, and collaborate efficiently; dive into software licenses, ownership, and copyright procedures
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 22nd International Symposium on Fundamentals of Computation Theory, FCT 2019, held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in August 2019. The 21 full papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 45 submissions. In addition, the book contains 3 invited talks in full-paper length. The papers were organized in topical sections named: formal methods, complexity, and algorithms.
Gain a clear understanding of even the most complex, highly theoretical computational theory topics in the approachable presentation found only in the market-leading INTRODUCTION TO THE THEORY OF COMPUTATION, 3E, International Edition. The number one choice for today´s computational theory course, this revision continues the book´s well-known, approachable style with timely revisions, additional practice, and more memorable examples in key areas. A new first-of-its-kind theoretical treatment of deterministic context-free languages is ideal for a better understanding of parsing and LR grammars. You gain a solid understanding of the fundamental mathematical properties of computer hardware, software, and applications with a blend of practical and philosophical coverage and mathematical treatments, including advanced theorems and proofs. INTRODUCTION TO THE THEORY OF COMPUTATION, 3E, International Edition´s comprehensive coverage makes this a valuable reference for your continued studies in theoretical computing.
This highly comprehensive handbook provides a substantial advance in the computation of elementary and special functions of mathematics, extending the function coverage of major programming languages well beyond their international standards, including full support for decimal floating-point arithmetic. Written with clarity and focusing on the C language, the work pays extensive attention to little-understood aspects of floating-point and integer arithmetic, and to software portability, as well as to important historical architectures. It extends support to a future 256-bit, floating-point format offering 70 decimal digits of precision. Select Topics and Features: references an exceptionally useful, author-maintained MathCW website, containing source code for the book´s software, compiled libraries for numerous systems, pre-built C compilers, and other related materials; offers a unique approach to covering mathematical-function computation using decimal arithmetic; provides extremely versatile appendices for interfaces to numerous other languages: Ada, C#, C++, Fortran, Java, and Pascal; presupposes only basic familiarity with computer programming in a common language, as well as early level algebra; supplies a library that readily adapts for existing scripting languages, with minimal effort; supports both binary and decimal arithmetic, in up to 10 different floating-point formats; covers a significant portion (with highly accurate implementations) of the U.S National Institute of Standards and Technology´s 10-year project to codify mathematical functions. This highly practical text/reference is an invaluable tool for advanced undergraduates, recording many lessons of the intermingled history of computer hardw are and software, numerical algorithms, and mathematics. In addition, professional numerical analysts and others will find the handbook of real interest and utility because it builds on research by the mathematical software community over the last four decades.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Security, Privacy, and Anonymity in Computation, Communication, and Storage, SpaCCS 2019, held in Atlanta, GA, USA in July 2019. The 37 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 109 submissions. The papers cover many dimensions including security algorithms and architectures, privacy-aware policies, regulations and techniques, anonymous computation and communication, encompassing fundamental theoretical approaches, practical experimental projects, and commercial application systems for computation, communication and storage.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of six symposiums and two workshops co-located with SpaCCS 2019, the 12th International Conference on Security, Privacy, and Anonymity in Computation, Communication, and Storage. The 26 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 75 submissions. This year´s symposiums and workshops are: SPIoT 2019 - Security and Privacy of Internet of Things; TSP 2019 - Trust, Security and Privacy for Emerging Applications; SCS 2019 - Sensor-Cloud Systems; UbiSafe 2019 - UbiSafe Computing; ISSR 2019 - Security in e-Science and e-Research; CMRM 2019 - Cybersecurity Metrics and Risk Modeling.
This classic book on formal languages, automata theory, and computational complexity has been updated to present theoretical concepts in a concise and straightforward manner with the increase of hands-on, practical applications. This new edition comes with Gradiance, an online assessment tool developed for computer science. Please note, Gradiance is no longer available with this book, as we no longer support this product.
The combination of two of the twentieth centurys most influential and revolutionary scientific theories, information theory and quantum mechanics, gave rise to a radically new view of computing and information. Quantum information processing explores the implications of using quantum mechanics instead of classical mechanics to model information and its processing. Quantum computing is not about changing the physical substrate on which computation is done from classical to quantum but about changing the notion of computation itself, at the most basic level